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Fibonacci and Kelinci

17 Dec

Bilangan Fibonacci ditemukan oleh seorang matematikawan Italia Leonardo Fibonacci (kira-kira tahun 1175 – 1250) ketika mempelajari angka kelahiran kelinci. Andaikan sepasang kelinci terlalu muda untuk bereproduksi di bulan pertama, tapi pada bulan kedua dan seterusnya memproduksi sepasang bayi kelinci setiap bulannya. Aturan ini berlaku pada setiap pasang kelinci. Pasangan kelinci pada lima bulan pertama ditunjukkan pada gambar di atas. Banyaknya pasangan kelinci untuk lima bulan pertama merupakan bilangan Fibonacci 1, 1, 2, 3, 5. Jika pola kelahiran ini dilanjutkan, banyaknya pasangan kelinci pada bulan-bulan berikutnya akan membentuk bilangan Fibonacci. Kenyataan  bahwa bilangan Fibonacci dapat diaplikasikan pada tanaman dan pepohonan terjadi beberapa ratus tahun setelah penemuan dari barisan bilangan ini.

Fibonacci numbers were discovered by an Italian mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci (ca. 1175 – 1250) while studying the birthrates of rabbits. Suppose that a pair of baby rabbits is too young to product more rabbits the first month but produces a pair of baby rabbits every month thereafter. Each new pair of rabbits will follow the same rule. The pairs of rabbits for the first 5 months are shown here.  The numbers of pairs of rabbits for the first five months are the Fibonacci numbers1, 1, 2, 3, 5. If this birthrate pattern is continued the numbers of pairs of rabbits in succeeding months will be Fibonacci numbers. The realization that Fibonacci numbers could be applied to the science of plants and trees accured several hundreds years after the discovery of this number sequence.

One of fibonacci numbers video on youtube:

 
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Posted by on December 17, 2012 in Historical Highlight

 

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